Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a quite common sexually transmitted an infection. In truth, it’s the commonest sexually transmitted an infection within the United States, and most people who find themselves sexually lively can be uncovered to it of their lifetime.
Here are solutions to 6 often requested questions on HPV and the HPV vaccine:
How do I do know if I’ve HPV?
There are sometimes no indicators or signs of HPV, which makes it simple to cross the virus on to others.
If the virus shouldn’t be cleared by your immune system (the a part of your physique that fights off an infection), it could trigger:
- Genital warts on the vulva, vagina, cervix or anus of ladies or penis or anus of males
- Cancer of the vagina, cervix, vulva, anus and throat
What can I do to guard myself in opposition to HPV?
The HPV vaccine is an efficient method to defend your self in opposition to HPV.
Although the vaccine works greatest if given earlier than you change into sexually lively, it might probably nonetheless assist stop you from getting varieties of HPV that you just haven’t been uncovered to but, even when you’ve had intercourse. The most up-to-date HPV vaccine protects in opposition to 9 various kinds of HPV, and can be given in two or three pictures relying in your age.
When ought to I get the HPV vaccine?
It is greatest to get the vaccine earlier than you change into sexually lively. We advocate everybody get vaccinated between the ages of 11 and 12 years previous, however you’ll be able to nonetheless get the vaccine up till age 26. If you’re between the ages of 27 and 45, discuss to your physician about whether or not the vaccine is sensible for you.
How properly does the HPV vaccine work?
If given earlier than you’re uncovered to HPV, the vaccine can stop as much as 99 p.c of cancers attributable to HPV, together with cervical most cancers and head and neck cancers. You should get some profit from the vaccine in case you have been uncovered solely to sure varieties of HPV, because the vaccine helps stop in opposition to 9 various kinds of HPV.
What are the dangers of getting the HPV vaccine?
The most typical unintended effects of the HPV vaccine are ache, redness or swelling on the injection web site. Less generally, sufferers expertise complications, dizziness or fainting, particularly in the event that they obtain the vaccine when they’re younger.
Is there the rest I can do to guard myself from HPV except for getting the HPV vaccine?
Yes. You also can assist defend your self by:
- Limiting your variety of sexual companions.
- Using male or feminine condoms with vaginal, anal or oral intercourse. However, condoms cowl solely a small quantity of pores and skin and don’t utterly defend in opposition to HPV an infection.
- Being screened for cervical most cancers. For most ladies, this may imply getting common pap smears beginning at age 21.
If you are concerned about getting the HPV vaccine for you or a cherished one, please request an appointment.