Do Birth Control Pills Work When…?

“Do birth control pills work when I…?”

This is a standard query for ladies who’re taking oral contraceptives, or “the pill.”

The capsule has been the preferred non-permanent contraception within the US since 1982. The purpose? If used accurately and constantly, the capsule is greater than 99% efficient at stopping undesirable pregnancies.

However, the capsule isn’t fairly as efficient should you don’t take it the right means. There are additionally private and life-style components that may decrease its effectiveness.

Here are 5 instances when the capsule won’t attain that 99% effectiveness stage.

You miss a capsule—or take it too late

There are two sorts of contraception tablets: mixed tablets that include the hormones estrogen and progestin, and “mini-pills” that solely have progestin.

If you’re on the mixed capsule, taking a capsule late—by just a few hours and even by a day— isn’t fairly such a giant deal. As lengthy as you are taking your missed one instantly, your danger of being pregnant continues to be low. Also, you don’t want to make use of a backup technique of contraception, reminiscent of condoms.

However, should you miss two or extra tablets, your danger of being pregnant will increase, it is best to use a backup technique of contraception for at the very least seven days, and go straight to a brand new pack of tablets as an alternative of taking the “sugar pills” on the finish of the pack The riskiest time to overlook tablets is firstly of a capsule pack, so be sure to are prepared together with your new pack earlier than your first pack finishes. Call your physician should you miss two or extra tablets, as directions on what to do might differ relying on the place you might be in your capsule pack.

On the opposite hand, timing is all the things should you’re on the mini-pill.

If you miss taking the mini-pill, take a capsule as quickly as doable. Take your subsequent capsule on the regular time, and return to resuming your day by day schedule of tablets. Use a backup technique of contraception for 48 hours after you’ve missed your dose.

You are taking sure antibiotics

You might need heard folks say that antibiotics lower the effectiveness of the capsule. It’s a standard notion, however it’s solely partly true. Most frequent antibiotics don’t change the effectiveness of the capsule.

The solely antibiotic that has been proven to intervene with the capsule is Rifampin , a drug mostly used to deal with tuberculosis. It can be generally prescribed to deal with infections attributable to different sorts of micro organism, or as a strategy to forestall an infection in individuals who have come into shut contact with somebody who has sure severe bacterial infections.

Griseofulvin may trigger the capsule to be much less efficient. This isn’t an antibiotic, however it’s a short-term treatment used to deal with fungal infections of the fingernails, toenails and scalp, and pores and skin infections like athlete’s foot, ringworm, and jock itch.

You’re getting therapy for a persistent situation

If you might be being handled for persistent situations like HIV or sleep issues , your therapy may scale back the effectiveness of the capsule. This is particularly essential to remember in case you are on anti-seizure medicines.

Anti-seizure medicines aren’t simply used for folks with epilepsy—they’re additionally used to deal with different situations like migraines or bipolar dysfunction. And whereas among the frequent ones, like lamotrigine (Lamictal) and levetiracetam (Keppra), don’t have any impact on the capsule, others could make the capsule much less efficient.

Certain anti-seizure medicines are known as liver enzyme-inducing medication as a result of your liver is the organ that breaks down hormones within the medication. These medication can lower intercourse hormone ranges in ladies taking the capsule, reducing the effectiveness of the capsule and growing your danger of getting pregnant.

If you are taking any of those medicines , the capsule won’t be as efficient:

  • Carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol)
  • Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal)
  • Phenytoin (Dilantin)
  • Phenobarbital (Luminal)
  • Primidone (Mysoline)
  • Topiramate (Topamax)

And a fast reminder: Some contraception tablets can decrease the effectiveness of anti-seizure medicines . If you wish to begin the capsule, you’ll want to discuss to your doctor about how the medicines would possibly work together.

You’re going the pure route

Herbal dietary supplements are pure, in order that they’re fully protected… proper?

Not precisely. Some are, some are usually not . But even those which might be protected can have undesirable results, particularly should you’re attempting to keep away from getting pregnant.

Women typically use natural dietary supplements to enhance fertility, that means that they may have the alternative impact that you simply’re searching for. Be particularly cautious should you use St. John’s wort or Alfalfa . Both of those herbs have been proven to decrease the effectiveness of the capsule.

You’re attempting to make use of them to forestall Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Birth management tablets are simply that: contraception. They may be extraordinarily efficient at serving to you keep away from an undesirable being pregnant, however they can’t forestall towards STIs. Always use a barrier technique like a condom to guard your self from infections, reminiscent of HIV, HPV, chlamydia, and gonorrhea.

If you discover that it’s powerful to maintain up with taking tablets accurately, contemplate asking your physician a couple of intrauterine gadget (IUD) or an implant – these strategies work even higher than tablets to forestall being pregnant.

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